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History 6, Review Lesson 18 – Darius the Great

Darius was the 3rd king of Persia, he married Cambyses the Great’s daughter. He was a great king, though he was harsh and quick to violence.

During Cambyses the Great’s reign Darius planned to take Babylon and killed the imposter king that was ruling Persia at the time. After Cambyses died Darius took over the throne.

Darius killed anyone he thought committed treason, included his family. He suppressed all revolts in his kingdom within a year of ascending to the throne. He repaved roads and chose Aramaic as the national language.  Darius administered gold coins called Darius to everyone in his kingdom.  This made purchasing outside of your country much easier.  He also improved the road system to boost trade.  Darius’ religion was something called Zoroastrianism.  He worshiped one god called Ahura Mazda.

Although he believed differently from others, he did support other religions.  Darius helped the Jews rebuild their temple.  He built a canal from the Red Sea to the Nile and from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea.

Rebellion ceased in the city of Babylon, so in the tenth year of Darius’ reign he planned an attack on Scythia.  Sadly, Persia lost.  Darius escaped with his life.  His thirst for conquest stayed with him for a long time but, he did not try to capture any country for twenty years.

Darius died when he was preparing troops for a battle in October 486 B.C.

Darius was a good king; he supported other religions and helped Persia grow. Though he made some mistakes and some things that absolutely appalled me, but, he was still a good king.

 

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Author: sophiaelahirpc

Part-time 10th Grade student in the Ron Paul Curriculum. Full-time teen writer living in Singapore.

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