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History 6, Review Essay 29 – Pompeii

Everyone knows a bit about Pompeii, but did you know that Pompeii was located near modern-day Naples? Or that Mt. Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD completely destroying Pompeii and Herculaneum, the closet cities? You did? Well then I’ll just get on with my essay.

Like I just said, when Mt. Vesuvius erupted Pompeii and Herculaneum were completely destroyed and we have a wonderful eyewitness of this horrible event in history thanks to Pliny the Younger, so, thank you Pliny.

After the eruption a massive ash cloud covered Pompeii and Herculaneum. It was so thick that it didn’t lift until 3 days later, and during those three days  it was as dark as night. When it lifted Pompeii was under 13 feet of ash and Herculaneum was completely destroyed. The cities were never rebuilt and thus forgotten; until 1863 when Giuseppe Fiorelli came and found Pompeii.

Giuseppe poured plaster into cavities that were left behind by the decayed bodies, making casts that show us the Romans that used to live in Pompeii. While he was digging he found frescos that were perfectly persevered because the mudslide/igneous rock came down so fast. Some houses, pottery, and objects were perfectly preserved because of this.

Fun Fact: Some frescos found in Pompeii are in restricted access in most museums.

I hope that you enjoyed this essay. If you’re now interested in Pompeii and Mt. Vesuvius I suggest going to a museum that has artifacts from Pompeii or looking at pictures online. Thanks you for reading!



Author: sophiaelahirpc

Part-time 10th Grade student in the Ron Paul Curriculum. Full-time teen writer living in Singapore.

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