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History 6, Review Essay 32 – The 3rd Century Crisis

The 3rd Century Crisis was when four rulers destroyed Rome’s finances and makes Rome fall into a 70 year crisis.

Marcus Aurelius was the cause of all this. He was abusing his power as emperor and was using up the city’s funds for his own pleasure; and he made taxes go up, which obviously made the Romans angry. When he died his son, Commodus took over the throne.

He was even worse than his father. Commodus was by far the most ignorant and self-centered emperor Rome has ever had. He abused his power, watching games instead of attending formal and important matters. He even renamed Rome, the months of the year, ships, fleets, even the people! ; after himself. Rome became Colonia Lucia Ania Commodion! And the people Commodites This infuriated the Senate, the Praetorian Guard, and of course the people. The last straw was when Commodus said that he was as strong as Hercules and claimed he was the descendant of Jupitar (a Roman god). The Senate and Praetorian Guard assassinated him and elected Pertinax as the new emperor.

Pertinax, like the last two emperors, abused his power and made the financial situation even worse than it was before! Making the taxes go up even more! This infuriated the people, the Senate, and the Praetorian Guard. So, he was murdered, after reigning for only three months. The Praetorian Guard sick and tired of these emperors ,bid the roll away. Didius Julianus paid 25,000 sesterces per Praetorian for the throne.

Turns out, Didius was just like the past three emperors. Wasted away money and making taxes go up. He was murdered and Septimus Severus was made emperor.

Septimus was the best emperor that Rome had seen a long time. He restored the financial situation and made the taxes go down. The people and Senate and Praetorian Guard loved him. He brought peace and stability for once. After reigning for 11 years he died due to natural causes (which hasn’t happened in a LONG time).

After Septimus Rome fell into the 3rd Century Crisis; Rome was in panic and close to the fall of their empire. Rome split up into three enemies because they couldn’t all agree on one emperor!

After 70 year of chaos Emperor Diocletin restored Rome to its former glory.

As you can see, you need to be careful of whom you put in charge or your kingdom could topple. Thanks for reading!


Author: sophiaelahirpc

Part-time 10th Grade student in the Ron Paul Curriculum. Full-time teen writer living in Singapore.

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